Why are the blooms on my tomato plant dying and falling off?
What is going wrong?
"Blossom-Drop" is a condition suffered by tomatoes, peppers, snap beans, and some other fruiting vegetables
where the plant blooms but fails to set fruit, the blooms die and fall off. It may be caused by the use of excess
nitrogen fertilizers or dry windy conditions, but the most common cause is temperature extremes. Tomatoes,
peppers and beans are especially picky about the air temps when it comes time to set fruit. If the night temps fall
below 55 or rise above 75 or if the day temps are above 90, the pollen becomes tacky and non-viable. Pollination
cannot occur. If the bloom isn't pollinated, the bloom dies and falls off.
What can I do?
Water the plants deeply once a week, mulch heavily to maintain constant soil moisture levels, establish
windbreaks as needed, avoid using excessive amounts of nitrogen fertilizers, and wait for temperatures to
moderate and stabilize. Earlier timed planting can help attain fruit set prior to the on-set of high temps, and the use
of protection can compensate for cool nights. Some recommend attempting hand-pollination with an artist brush or
a gentle shaking of the plant/cage/support prior to the hottest part of the day will also help. Fruit set will resume
when temperatures moderate. Hormone sprays, such as "Blossom Set", may prevent some blossom drop due to
LOW temperatures. However, the resulting fruit are often misshapen. But studies prove that hormone sprays do
not prevent blossom drop due to HIGH temperatures.