What vegetables should be planted together?
Certain vegetables will be more productive if you plant them in groups of the same type of plant, or if you plant two or more varieties. For example, sweet corn is often planted in blocks rather than rows, so that the wind will be better able to pollinate the plants. Some hybrid varieties of fruits and vegetables require two different hybrids to be planted close to one another so that you’ll get a good crop. It is always best to consult the information from the seed company or the grower if you use transplants.
The idea that certain vegetables planted together can be mutually beneficial is called “companion planting” or “co-planting”. Although there is not a lot of research that supports it, many gardeners believe that they get better tasting plants and natural by using this method. There are many companion planting lists available and many organic gardeners swear by them. Carrots and tomatoes; cabbages and rosemary; and garlic and lettuce are a few common examples. There are several books published on the subject as well. Remember, these are only planting suggestions based on what seemed to work for other gardeners. Companion planting can be a lot of fun, but it should not displace the important things like good gardening practices and careful attention to your plants’ needs.
For more information about planting a vegetable garden, see this project: Planting a Vegetable Garden